Dashboard for auto

Interior equipment auto parts: Dashboard

How to detect the dashboard instruments and indicators faults

The dashboard instruments and indicators inspection should be performed during each car technical inspection. First, check whether the indicator needles of the speedometer, tachometer and thermometer, as well as the indicator lights respond to switching the ignition on and off. If they remain still or do not light up when you turn the key to the corresponding position, check whether the push button circuit breaker is not turned on. If the indicator needles of the coolant temperature and oil level gauges deflect to the left end position, and that of the fuel level gauge - to the right end position, check the contact between the electrical wires and connectors of the sensors and indicators: it is likely to be lost.

Use the appropriate equipment to check the correct performance of the devices. For instance, measure the coolant temperature with an industrial mercury thermometer, and the oil pressure - with a pressure gage attached to the lubrication system. Compare the obtained values ​​with the indicator readings on the instrument panel. The fuel level indicator serviceability can be checked by filling the tank using a graduated container.

You may identify that the dashboard instruments and indicators require a diagnosis by the following symptoms:

  • sharp oscillations of the indicator needles;
  • a burning smell in the passenger compartment;
  • smoke from under the instrument panel;
  • incorrect indicator readings;
  • jamming of the indicator needle in the extreme position;
  • no response of the speedometer, tachometer and odometer to pressing the accelerator pedal while driving.

Causes of the dashboard instruments and indicators faults

Most faults in the dashboard instruments and indicators occur due to a short circuit. It is often caused by low quality of the components, incorrect installation and non-compliance of the parts parameters to the vehicle technical specifications. Loosened connectors may also cause a short circuit, as a result of which they can melt or crack.

The moisture has a disruptive impact on the instruments and indicators as it causes contacts oxidation. Thus it is important to monitor the state of the windshield rubber seals: it is often their wear that causes the water ingress on the instrument panel.

Cracks and scratches on the dial surfaces, as well as other mechanical damage, often result from inaccurate car use, but may also occur due to a traffic accident.

Delayed cleaning of the instrument panel from dust, the cabin filter clogging lead to contamination of the indicators. The result of this is jamming of the indicator needles.

Repair of the dashboard instruments and indicators

The car dashboard instruments and indicatorsrepair consists in eliminating the causes of a short circuit, and cleaning the contaminated elements from dirt. Faulty wires, burnt out lamps and fuses are replaced with new ones. You can perform these works on your own, using the car manual.

In some cases, in order to restore the instrument panel serviceability, you need to install properly functioning gear motors, and to solder the contacts. In this case, you need professional assistance.

Replacement of the dashboard instruments and indicators

You can replace the dashboard instruments and indicators on your own. For this adhere to the following sequence of steps:

  1. Unscrew the instrument panel fastening bolts.
  2. Using a flathead screwdriver, pry the seal and release the clips.
  3. Pull out the instrument panel from its seat as far as possible.
  4. Disconnect the wire harness connectors pressing the release tabs.
  5. Remove the instrument panel and install a new one in its place, performing the procedure steps in reverse order.

This procedure is generalized and may vary depending on the car brand and model, as well as on the design of the instrument panel itself. In some cases you will need to remove the steering wheel and detach the airbag. In such cases, it is best installing the instruments at a service station.

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